Andes - Andes Mountains Map By: Asfaha Kiono. The range is 7,000 km (4,350 mi) long, 200 to 700 km (124 to 435 mi) wide (widest between 18° south and 20° south latitude), and has an average height of about 4,000 m (13,123 ft). Ski resorts in the Andes . This article is about the mountain range in South America. The resultant mountain system exhibits an extraordinary vertical differential of more than 40,000 feet between the bottom of the Peru-Chile (Atacama) Trench off the Pacific coast of the continent and the peaks of the high mountains within a horizontal distance of less than 200 miles. 38 20 9. 2c. By Lili Karlmann.  The Andean segment north and south of the Orocline have been rotated 15° to 20° counter clockwise and clockwise respectively. As Victor navigates the roads carved in the mountainous terrain, Jorge will educate you on the creation and evolution of the Andes, and the varying colors which paint the mountains. Common Knowledge Places Buenos Aires, Argentina. 520 m 3670 m. Apply. The Andes are not a single line of formidable peaks but rather a succession of parallel and transverse mountain ranges, or cordilleras, and of intervening plateaus and depressions. Kuhle, M. (1987): Subtropical Mountain- and Highland-Glaciation as Ice Age Triggers and the Waning of the Glacial Periods in the Pleistocene. Views from the Colera camp. The term cordillera comes from the Spanishword meaning 'rope'.  Associate Professor of Geography, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. The mountains have a large effect on the temperatures of nearby areas. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this image of the snowy Andes Mountains on September 12, 2015.. Meet us on instagram : @milesandlove. The western rim of the South American Plate has been the place of several pre-Andean orogenies since at least the late Proterozoic and early Paleozoic, when several terranes and microcontinents collided and amalgamated with the ancient cratons of eastern South America, by then the South American part of Gondwana. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. 36 40 6. Maize was also an important crop for these people, and was used for the production of chicha, important to Andean native people. The peak of Chimborazo in the Ecuadorian Andes is farther from the Earth's center than any other location on the Earth's surface, due to the equatorial bulge resulting from the Earth's rotation. 520 m 3670 m. Apply. The southern section is rainy and cool, the central section is dry. Map of Andes or Andes. Río de la Plata and Argentina derive their names from the silver of Potosí. Parts of the Sunsás Orogen in Amazonian craton disappeared from the surface of earth being overridden by the Andes. As the end of Southern Hemisphere winter approached, snow painted the region’s mountain ranges. The highest peak in the Peruvian Andes is Huascarán Sur, and it rises some 22,200 feet. The annual rainfall is 1061 mm | 41.8 inch. The volcanoes of the belt are diverse in terms of activity style, products and morphology. The northern Andes are typically rainy and warm, with an average temperature of 18 °C (64 °F) in Colombia. Hiking & Trekking. The Andes Mountains are a hotbed of biodiversity. The Andes are the result of tectonic plate processes, caused by the subduction of oceanic crust beneath the South American Plate. , A number of species such as the royal cinclodes and white-browed tit-spinetail are associated with Polylepis, and consequently also threatened.. The average annual temperature in Andes is 6.5 °C | 43.7 °F. 20, 1–35, Berlin. Research and understand the key physical features of the Alps or the Andes. The directional trend of both the cordilleras generally is north-south, but in several places the Cordillera Oriental bulges eastward to form either isolated peninsula-like ranges or such high intermontane plateau regions as the Altiplano (Spanish: “High Plateau”), occupying adjoining parts of Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, and Peru. One of the most popular mountains in the Cordillera Blanca, according to a 1966 survey of climbers and photographers, Alpamayo (left), is considered to be the most beautiful mountain in the world. Find any address on the map of Andes or calculate your itinerary to and from Andes, find all the tourist attractions and Michelin Guide restaurants in Andes. The peak of Chimborazo in the Ecuadorean Andes is the farthest point from the center of the Earth. The largest glaciers, as e.g. The high plains (3000–5000 m) of the Andes Mountains, the Puna, are in the foreground.A line of young volcanoes faces the much lower Atacama Desert (1000–2000 m elevation). Rainforests exist just kilometres away from the snow-covered peak Cotopaxi. The Andes are also part of the American Cordillera, a chain of mountain ranges (cordillera) that consists of an almost continuous sequence of mountain ranges that form the western "backbone" of North America, Central America, South America and Antarctica. Turistik Chile, operator: Leave the hustle and bustle of Santiago behind for a day and breathe in the fresh mountain air! Brüggen, J. By Urban Tabea / 6 October 2018. The weight of these deposits forced a subsidence (downwarping) of the crust, and the resulting pressure and heat metamorphosed the deposits into more resistant rocks; thus, sandstone, siltstone, and limestone were transformed, respectively, into quartzite, shale, and marble. Take your pick of several countries for Andes holidays: Peru, Chile, Argentina, Bolivia and Ecuador will all take you to the massif meisters. Don’t forget to check all of these gallery to not miss anything by clicking on thumbnail pics below!. Along with several Interandean Valles, they are typically dominated by deciduous woodland, shrub and xeric vegetation, reaching the extreme in the slopes near the virtually lifeless Atacama Desert. The Andes—the longest series of mountain ranges the world—span about 7,242 kilometers (4,500 miles) and runs through seven countries. The development continued through the Jurassic Period. "We absolutely loved the trek and the guide. In the forelands of the Atacama Desert some of the largest porphyry copper mineralizations occurs making Chile and Peru the first and second largest exporters of copper in the world. Need world map? Find the ideal ski resort for skiing in the Andes . 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